Maverick Car Designer Frank Stephenson Takes On Electric F1 Speed Air Travel

Maverick Car Designer Frank Stephenson Takes On Electric F1 Speed Air Travel

Frank Stephenson’s latest project is the Lilium Jet, the world’s first electric, vertical take-off and landing aircraft

Lilium Aviation

Frank Stephenson designed the evocative Ferrari FXX and the McLaren P1 hypercar. He shaped what the MINI should be under BMW ownership. He re-imagined the Fiat 500 Italian icon for modern life. In a career spanning over 30 years, Stephenson has led design teams at Ferrari, Maserati, Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Lancia, Mini and McLaren. His next mission is to create the world’s first completely electric, vertical take-off and landing aircraft – the Lilium Jet.

The maverick designer has penned some of the most exciting and pioneering modern cars

Frank Stephenson

“Chasing Perfect” offers a glimpse into the creative mind of the maverick vehicle designer who has sketched some of the most celebrated cars in modern motoring. Released on 20 May and available from Lionsgate Home Entertainment, the documentary traces Stephenson’s quest for pushing the boundaries of design. With the film, he says, he wanted to “throw open the doors to the creative process”, peeling away some of the mystery of car design as we learn of Stephenson’s inspirations and are treated to a tour of Jay Leno’s legendary garage.

Frank Stephenson on a tour of Jay Leno’s legendary garage in “Chasing Perfect”

Frank Stephenson

Most interestingly we learn of his next venture in air travel. Since 2018, as head of product design at the German firm Lilium Aviation, Stephenson has been working on the Lilium Jet for 2025. “What you see in the film is a genuine working prototype, and is designed to be taken to the skies, providing affordable flying taxi services around the world,” he says.

The 2005 Ferrari FXX is a track-only supercar, designed to give owners the closest feeling to a race car as technically possible

Ferrari

This is a highly progressive product, a quiet, all-electric flying hub with 300km range and Formula One speeds on air. The complex construction involves individual electric jet engines embedded into the aircraft’s wing flaps. “The design of the tilting flaps with their electric jet engines allows for a fixed wing aircraft that provides much more lift efficiency and higher straight-line speed than a drone type aircraft,” he tells me. “This translates into a faster, further and quieter journey.”

The 2012 McLaren P1 hypercar allowed Stephenson to reimagine aerodynamic solutions based on biomimicry, the science of nature

McLaren Automotive

The interior provided an opportunity to explore a whole new direction in design that could only be imagined as a conceptual or futuristic study in the past. “So many new advances in materials, lighting technology and smart electronics are now allowing us to create interiors that will suit this innovative means of travel,” he says. “It is exciting to be able to redefine what is the current state of transportation interiors and to set the course for a new wave of experiences for future customers.”

Frank Stephenson helped redesign the 21st century successor to the original MINI, when it was reborn under BMW ownership in 2000

MINI

With a back catalogue mainly in car design, I am interested to know how Stephenson’s automotive experience helped shaped this project. After all, projects like the P1 are exceptionally progressive involving highly advanced technology and material.

He offers: “The things I’ve learnt from automotive design apply to aircraft design in that the best design is always a direct result of what works well. Good design is a consequence of understanding sound engineering principles and pushing the limits of what is currently possible. It is the job of the designer in any field to think of new ways to raise the innovation bar with each new design. Otherwise the designer is an artist.”

In 2007 Frank Stephenson was asked to redesign the Fiat 500 Italian 50s icon for a modern global market

Fiat 500

Stephenson admits there are fundamental differences though too. Car design tends to be centered mainly around brand identity and aesthetics, interior comfort, luggage space and performance. In aviation, he says, these elements will also apply, but the focus will be mainly on safety and weight reduction. “The objectives now are to create a jet design that provides the best performance and most exhilarating experience to customers who need to get from one place to another. The aesthetics will fall into place accordingly.”

The 1992 Ford Escort Cosworth by Frank Stephenson features an enormous tail spoiler

Ford

His team are involved with all aspects of the of the customer journey at Lilium. The landing pads, lounges and integrated services also need to introduce simplicity to the world…

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